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How to choose professional scissors for haircutting

Both beginner barbers and hairdressers with an advanced level of experience can't work without a fundamental tool in their business - scissors. The right model improves the quality of work, serves long and efficiently, and suits the hairdresser's requirements. The experts who teach hairdressing at Maksim Nikitochkin's beauty salon give their advice on how to choose the right scissors.

One of the main points in selecting this tool is its comfort. The scissors must fit harmoniously in the hand.

The approximate length of the scissor blade for the universal work of a female master is 5.3-5.5 inches (one inch=2.54 cm), for a male hairdresser - 5.5-6.5 inches.

The shape of the scissor’s handle also affects the comfort of operation:

  • with symmetrical rings;
  • with asymmetrical rings;
  • with half shifted;
  • with a movable ring.

The asymmetrical handle with shifted rings is the best option to prevent fatigue and stress in your hands and fingers. And a finger rest and removable ring inserts make the process of cutting even more comfortable.

Material and country of origin

Classic shears are made of carbon steel with additives. Models with vanadium and molybdenum are firm and wear-resistant, with tungsten and vanadium are solid, and chrome and nickel give resistance to corrosion, i.e. make scissors stainless. Additive coating (chromium, titanium) improves the quality of the shearing equipment, makes it hypoallergenic, and increases its service life. The hardness level of the steel is 58-62 HRC on the Rockwell scale. Japanese manufacturers are the leaders in creating high-quality steel and beauty appliances. Next are American companies. The manufacturers from Europe deserve attention only if the products are made of Japanese metal, which should be marked.


The sharpness of the scissors is determined by the sharpening of the blades. The smaller the sharpening angle of the hair cutting edge, the sharper the product.

Basic types of sharpening:

  1. Regular - with a typical cutting edge of 40-50 degrees, making a blunt cut.
  2. Convex - has a smooth cutting edge of 38 degrees, providing a perfect glide cut. This is noticeable by the more convex, streamlined blade.

The first option is universal and is great for beginner hairdressers. Masters who have already reached a certain level of experience usually choose scissors with a convex blade.

Smooth blade operation

The scissors must be properly calibrated. The closing should be soft and smooth, without any force, and the blades, when they stop in any position, must lock in that position. It is preferred that the tool has a screw that can be adjusted. This will improve the quality of cutting, and adjust the applied force depending on the structure and thickness of the hair. If you do not have experience in this matter, it is better to entrust the adjustment to a specialist.

Varieties of haircuts

According to the type of blades, scissors can be straight and texturizing.

Straight are subdivided into:

  • blades with micro serrations prevent hair from sliding on the blade, for men's haircuts;
  • smooth blades without micro serrations perform a sliding cut when cutting women's hair.

Texturizing scissors have blades with teeth of varying widths and numbers that allow you to work through haircuts and remove the volume of hair.

Texturizing models are:

  • single-sided, when the teeth are located on only one blade;
  • double-sided, with teeth on both blades of the tool.

Teeth of different widths make soft cascading haircuts. The prismatic shape of the teeth provides a precise cut during the thinning with a slightly softened outline.

How to examine scissors?

To test for smooth running, you should hold the tool by one ring, holding the tips vertically up. The second ring should be lifted 45 degrees and then released. It is correct when it does not completely close, and you will feel a little friction between the blades along their entire length. Check the sharpness of the scissors by cutting real hair or a hair wig. The strands should not "run away" from the blades, the cut should be smooth. And to make the process of work more comfortable will help with modern magnetic accessories from Maksim Nikitochkin.