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The main rules of haircuts - basic recommendations for hairdressers and hairstylists

To make a beautiful and neat haircut, you need to follow some guidelines. Basic hairdressing courses will help you learn the general rules as well as the skills for working with scissors and a trimmer.

Basic haircutting rules

Any even the simplest manipulation with hair requires an understanding of the basics. No matter what you need to do: shorten the length or straighten bangs. Any professional knows that at the beginning you need to divide the entire head into zones. Depending on the tension of the strands and the angle at which the hair is cut, you can get different types of hairstyles. Don't forget to check all the tools before you start. The scissors must be well sharpened. Otherwise, they will not cut but tear the hair. Remember that if the head gets wet, the length will increase by about 1 cm.

Rules for a successful haircut

I want to give the TOP basic rules, which assume the successful work of a specialist:

  1. Cutting the ends has no effect on the growth rate of hair. The follicles on the head are responsible for this. Therefore, masks and massage will help to make the hair more dense and voluminous. If you often cut the edges, you can get rid of brittleness. This helps to maintain the health of the locks.
  2. If you see the client for the first time, you must talk to him. The master should understand what procedures the hairstyle has undergone. Dyeing, highlighting and other effects can affect the structure.
  3. Try to understand the client, even if he is very verbose.
  4. Offer haircuts that require minimal maintenance. Wedding and holiday hairstyles are an exception. When choosing, consider the shape of the face, height, and body type.
  5. Bangs are cut dry. Use filleting in this process.

The last tip is very important, as wet hair is longer, you can get too open a forehead.

How to cut hair with scissors

Scissors are the primary tool of a hairdresser. To begin with, you need to learn how to hold them in a proper way. This greatly affects the ability to make cuts at different angles. This helps to give the correct shape to the head. Usually, the right hand holds the scissors, and the left hand holds the comb. They are the best friends of the hairdresser who tries to keep them close till the end of the work.

The fundamentals include the basic techniques of working with hairstyles:

  1. Graduation. Used to give the shape some roundness. A striking example is a bob haircut. The first strand is made to the desired length, the next more shortened, and so on.
  2. Texturising. It is a transition between long and short locks.
  3. Shortening by one length. It is done with the help of the fingers. First, a control cut is made, and then further cuts on the sample.
  4. Filleting. Its purpose is to make the hairstyle more sparse. Performed with a special tool. Gives additional volume.
  5. Trimming. Final stage. With a short haircut, it is done on the temples, the neck, near the ears, and on the bangs.

The last step is the decoration of the temples. They can be of several kinds - straight, oblique, and model.

Rules of haircutting with a trimmer

A hair machine, the trimmer is most often used to cut the hair of men. Often there is a combined use of the instruments when the back of the head is cleaned by the trimmer's nozzle and the top - with scissors.

How to cut hair properly - tips from the masters

Any haircut can be decomposed into a small plan consisting of several steps. The quality of the work depends very much on the understanding of what the master is going to do. The choice of the image largely depends on the type and shape of the face. Do not forget about the various details, such as the nose or the length of the neck. The final step is the bangs. You need to determine whether it should be left or not, and what kind of look it will have.

Methods and techniques of haircuts

The main methods are the following:

  • stroking;
  • filleting;
  • edging;
  • grading;
  • grinding;
  • platform.

These are just the basic types used by most hairdressers. The term technique refers to the combination of techniques with each other to obtain a harmonious silhouette. Minimalism, conservatism, teenage style, and romanticism are just some of the types of techniques that are most popular with masters.